Philip Headlam has worked as a conductor/Répétiteur for the CBC, English National Opera, Welsh National Opera, Wexford Festival (Ireland), Aldeburgh Festival, English Touring Opera, City of Birmingham Touring Opera, Contemporary Music Network and the Israel Vocal Arts Institute in Tel Aviv. He has been conductor and vocal coach at the Banff Centre for the Arts from 1990 - 1993. He has conducted premieres for the Batignano Festival (Italy) and in Canada and England on CD and in concert. He founded the Continuum Ensemble (with pianist Douglas Finch) in 1993 and is conducting his third season of 20th century music concerts with them next year. Past highlights include a critically praised performance of Zimmermann's White Rose and a recent concert of El Rey de Harlem and El Cimarron by Hans Werner Henze for the National Opera. Mr. Headlam is also a vocal coach for the Opera department of the Royal College of Music in London England.


Robin Headlam Wells, BA(Leeds), BLitt(Oxon), PhD(Hull) specialises in Shakespeare and Elizabethan literature. He has published numerous articles on Elizabethan poetry, drama, and music and is the author of books on Spenser and Shakespeare. His most recent book was Elizabethan Mythologies, and he is currently working on a book called Shakespeare on Masculinity.


Stewart Duckworth.jpg (12008 bytes)HEADLAM, Rev. Stewart Duckworth

Member London School Board, 1888-1904; London County Council (P) SW
Bethnal Green since 1907.

Wadhurst; Eton; Trinity Coll., Camb.

Ordained, 1870; Curate of St John's, Drury Lane, 1870-1873; St Matthew's, Bethnal Green, 1873-1877; St Thomas's, Charterhouse, 1879-1881; St Michael's, Shoreditch, 1881-1884.

Laws of Eternal Life; Lessons from the Cross; Priestcraft and Progress; The Ballet; Theory of Theatrical Dancing; The Place of the Bible in Secular Education; The Meaning of the Mass; The Socialist's Church; Fabianism and Land Values; Some Old Words on the War.

Wavertree, St Margaret's on Thames.

Died 18 November 1924

Additional Notes
Headlam, Stewart Duckworth 1847-1924, Anglican clergyman, was born 12
January 1847 in Wavertree, near Liverpool, the elder son and third of four children of Thomas Duckworth Headlam, underwriter of Liverpool. He was educated at Eton and Trinity College, Cambridge, where he obtained a third class in the classical tripos in 1869. At Cambridge he came under the influence of Frederick Denison Maurice [q.v.] who, it is clear, shaped his life, starting with Headlam's resolve to take holy orders.

His parental home was strictly evangelical, though not narrow or severe, but Headlam rejected with horror the doctrine of eternal punishment. The ensuing clash was a symbol and a foretaste of the countless later occasions on which he challenged orthodox opinions, both religious and secular.

He was ordained deacon in 1870, and priest in 1872, but in his first curacy he fell foul of both his vicar and his bishop for his heterodox beliefs; the former asked him to leave the parish and the latter delayed his ordination. It was not only, or even mainly, a matter of dogma. He outraged respectable Victorian society by his public championing of the poor and his denunciations of the uncaring rich; in addition, he not only espoused the cause of the theatre and ballet as harmless and enjoyable pastimes, but rejected entirely the received opinion that these entertainments constituted the inescapable gateway to the everlasting bonfire.

To promulgate this cause, he founded the Church and Stage Guild, and caused another sensation by giving a lecture entitled 'The Art of Dancing'. Meanwhile, he was making friends of working men and trade unionists, and devoting himself to educational work. He moved from parish to parish, almost always because of the complaints of the affronted orthodox; far from making compromises, he founded the Guild of St Matthew, one of the earliest focuses of Christian Socialism. Among his publications were Municipal Puritanism (1905) and The Socialist's Church (1907).

He debated frequently with Charles Bradlaugh [q.v.], and conceived a great admiration for his opponent's integrity, then promptly made matters worse by advocating the repeal of the blasphemy laws. He went even further than that; when Bradlaugh was imprisoned during the oath struggle, Headlam sent him a telegram reading: 'Accept my warmest sympathy. I wish you good luck in the name of Jesus Christ, the Emancipator, whom so many of your opponents blaspheme.' The last straw - though a haystack could have been built with Headlam's last straws - was a speech in Trafalgar Square advocating the abolition of the House of Lords, after which he was refused a licence by his bishop, for eleven years.

Radical, impetuous, and hot-tongued, Headlam was nevertheless a profoundly devout man, and no broad churchman, either; he was a high ritualist, and refused, with great sorrow, the wish of the divorced Charles Stewart Parnell [q.v.] that he should officiate at his marriage to Kitty O'Shea. He went bail for Oscar Wilde [q.v.], though he had only the slightest acquaintance with him; for Headlam it was a matter of justice.

His greatest passion was for spreading education, and the good works he did in this field were prodigious in number and scope; he was instrumental in the work of the Day Continuation Schools, the London Schools' Swimming Association, the London Shakespeare League, and the Men's Institutes. He sat for sixteen years on the London school board, and seventeen on the London county council.

He married in 1878 Beatrice Rosamond, daughter of Charles Plumer Pennington, gentleman, but the marriage was a failure, and an early separation followed; there were no children. Headlam died at his home in St Margaret's-on-Thames, after a number of heart attacks, 18 November 1924. His memorial is the only one this lover of his fellow men would have felt acceptable; a school, in a poor London district, was named after him.

F. G. Bettany, Stewart Headlam, 1926; Kenneth Leech, Stewart Headlam, 1847-1924, 1968.

Bernard Levin

Published  1993

More Additional Notes
Stewart Headlam, the son of an Evangelical Christian, was born at Wavertree near Liverpool on 12th January. After Eton, Headlam went to Cambridge University where he influenced by the ideas of the Christian Socialist, Frederick Denison Maurice. Headlam agreed with Maurice, who taught him moral philosophy at Cambridge, that God's Kingdom on earth would replace a "competitive, unjust society with a co-operative and egalitarian social order." 

Headlam was ordained and appointed curate of St. John's Church in Drury Lane. He was shocked by the poverty he witnessed in London and was determined to do all he could to reduce this suffering. In 1873 he moved to St. Matthew's Church, Bethnal Green, where the conditions were even worse than in Drury Lane. The vicar at the church, Septimus Hansard, was another Christian Socialist who influenced the ideas of Headlam. 

In his sermons, Headlam attacked the wide gap between rich and poor and warned the working class that they should distrust middle-class reformers. Headlam presented Jesus Christ as a revolutionary and when the Bishop of London, heard about this, he threatened him with dismissal. Headlam refused to change and in 1878 he was sacked. 

Headlam now became a vicar without a parish. He established the Guild of St Matthew which soon had 400 members, a quarter of them church ministers. He toured the country expounding Christian Socialism. Influenced by the ideas of Henry George, the author of Progress and Poverty, Headlam argued for a tax on land and the redistribution of wealth as a means of ending poverty. He also denounced wealth as robbery and inconsistent with Christianity. 

In 1886 Headlam joined the Fabian Society. He soon became one of the leading figures in the movement, helping to formulate policy and speaking at public meetings. He wrote the Fabian pamphlet Christian Socialism, where he declared that his main objective was not to convert socialists to Christianity, but to make socialists out of Christians. He was also editor of The Church Reformer, a Christian Socialist journal that was published from 1884 to 1895. 

Headlam was active in local politics and in 1888 he and Annie Besant, were elected to the London School Board. Together they attempted to persuade the School Board to abolish compulsory religious instruction and to provide free meals for the poor. Headlam also joined the campaign to persuade the government to help intelligent members of the working class to receive a university education. 

Most of the leaders of the Fabian Society did not share Headlam's religious beliefs. However, Headlam was willing to help non-Christians if they shared his political beliefs. Headlam joined the campaign to persuade Parliament to allow the leader of the Secular Society, Charles Bradlaugh, to take his seat in the House of Commons. Headlam also helped Oscar Wilde during his trial for homosexual offences and when he was released from prison in 1897. 

Elected to the London County Council in 1907, Stewart Headlam remained active in politics until his death on 18th November, 1924. 

(1) Stewart Headlam, speech at a meeting of the Guild of St Matthew (1883) 

Jesus was the social and political Emancipator, the greatest of all secular workers, the founder of the the great Socialistic society for the promotion of righteousness, the preacher of Revolution.

(2) Stewart Headlam, speech (1883) 

We who are Socialists owe a special debt of gratitude to the men who gathered round Maurice in 1848, and under his influence and teaching made by their work and writings the propagation of Socialism a far easier thing than it otherwise would have been. 

(3) Stewart Headlam, Christian Socialism (1892)

The Christian Church is intended to be a society not merely for teaching a number of elaborate doctrines, not even for maintaining a beautiful ritual and worship but mainly and chiefly for doing on a large scale throughout the world those secular, socialistic works which Christ did on a small scale in Palestine.

HEADLAM, Thomas Alexander

Headlam, T. A. (Lt.-Col. E. York. R.)
1914-9. In commd. 10 (S.) Bn. E. York R. from 7 Sept. 17. France and Belgium 31 Jan. 17 to 6 May 18. Mesopotamia 5 Jun. to 30 Nov. 16. Despatches, Lond. Gaz., 23 May 18. British War Medal. Victory Medal.

HEADLAM, Thomas Emerson

Crest T.E. Headlam.jpg (22758 bytes)1813-1875, judge advocate-general, eldest son of John Headlam, archdeacon of Richmond and rector of Wycliffe, Yorkshire, who was buried there on 9 May 1853, aged 85, by Maria, daughter of the Rev. Thomas W. Morley of Clapham, was born at Wycliffe rectory, and baptised on 25 June 1813. He was educated at Shrewsbury school and at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he became sixteenth wrangler and B.A. 1836, and M.A. 1839.

He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple on 3 May 1839, and practised as an equity draughtsman and conveyancer, going the northern circuit and attending the North Riding sessions. After a contest he was elected a member of parliament in the liberal interest for Newcastle-upon-Tyne on 30 July 1847, and sat for that town until the dissolution in 1874. During his political career he carried through the House of Commons the Trustee Act, 5 Aug. 1850. In 1851 he was appointed a Q.C., in the same year a bencher of his inn, in 1866 reader, and in 1867 treasurer.

He was a magistrate and deputy-lieutenant for the North Riding of Yorkshire and for Northumberland, and in 1854 became chancellor of the dioceses of Ripon and of Durham. He was judge advocate-general from June 1859 till July 1866, and on 18 June in the former year was gazetted a privy councillor. After his retirement from parliamentary life his health gradually failed, and on his way to winter in a southerly climate, he died at Calais on 3 Dec. 1875. He married at Richmond, Yorkshire, on 1 Aug. 1854, Ellen Percival, eldest daughter of Thomas Van Straubenzee, major in the royal artillery.

Headlam was the author or editor of: 1. 'The Practice of the High Court of Chancery, by E. R. Daniell,' 2nd edition with additions, 1845; 3rd edition, 1857. 2. 'A Speech on Limited Liability in Joint-Stock Banks,' 1849. 3. 'The Trustee Act, 13 and 14 Vict. c. 60,' 1850; 2nd edition, 1852; 3rd edition, 1855. 4. 'Pleadings and Practice of the High Court of Chancery, by E. R. Daniell,' 2nd edition, 1851. 5. 'A Supplement to Daniell's Chancery Practice,' 1851. 6. 'The New Chancery Acts, 15 and 16 Vict. c. 80, 86, and 87,' 1853.


Times, 9 Dec. 1875, p. 9; Law Times, 11 Dec. 1875, p. 114; Illustrated London News, 11 Dec. 1875, p. 590, and 25 Dec. p. 629, with portrait.

G. C. B.

Published  1891

Additional Notes
A memorial tablet in the church, dedicated to St. Giles in Bowes, was erected to the late T. E. Headlam, Esq., Q.C., and M.P. for Newcastle-on-Tyne. It bears the following inscription:- 


Upon the death of the Right Honourable Thomas Emerson Headlam, late of Gilmonby Hall, near this place, his friends desired to record both the love they had borne him, and their admiration of his sterling upright character, his powerful intellect, his many endearing qualities, his honourable beneficent life. 

"The memorial they determined to choose was one of such kind that it would link their remembrance of the friend they had lost with the neighbourhood in which, as a resident both thoughtful and generous, he used to love doing good. 

"They determined that the fund representing this sentiment of affection should be called the Headlam Memorial, and applied by that name to augment the living of Bowes. 

"The sum of £1,000, which now constitutes the Headlam Memorial, has been handed over accordingly to the Ecclesiastical Commissioners, and they, on their part, have augmented the Bowes living yet further by a grant of equal amount, A.D. 1878."

HEADLAM, Walter George

LittD; Fellow of King's College, Cambridge.

Personal Details
Born 15 February 1866; son of late Edward Headlam, Director of Examinations in the Civil Service Commission, and Mary, daughter of George Sowerby of Putteridge Park, Herts.

Harrow; King's College, Cambridge. Browne medals (7), 1885-1887; Porson
prize, 1887.

Numerous papers on Greek subjects in Classical Review and Journals of Philology and Hellenic Studies; article Herondas in Encyclopædia Britannica.

Riding, tennis.

King's College, Cambridge.

Oxford and Cambridge, Bath.

Died 19 June 1908

Additional Notes
Headlam, Walter George 1866-1908, scholar and poet, born in London on 15 Feb. 1866, was son of Edward Headlam, fellow of St. John's College, Cambridge, director of examinations in the Civil Service Commission (nephew of Thomas Emerson Headlam, q.v.), and of Mary Anne Johnson Sowerby. He was educated at Elstree School, Hertfordshire, and at Harrow, in the house of the headmaster, Dr. H. M. Butler, subsequently Master of Trinity College, Cambridge.

In 1884 he entered King's College, Cambridge, as a scholar on the foundation. Both at Harrow and at Cambridge his career was distinguished. At Cambridge he gained many university prizes for verse composition (viz. seven Browne's medals and the Porson prize) in the years 1885-7. In 1887 he was placed in the first class (division 3) of the classical tripos, part i., graduating B.A. in 1887, and proceeded M.A. in 1891, and Litt.D. in 1903. In 1890 he became fellow of King's College, and shortly afterwards was appointed to a lectureship in classics. His best work as a teacher was done with small classes, where his striking personality had free play. In Jan. 1906 he was a candidate for the regius professorship of Greek vacated by the death of Sir R. C. Jebb [q.v.]. His prelection on this occasion made a profound impression.

On 20 June 1908 he died suddenly at an hotel in London. He was buried in the churchyard of Wycliffe, Yorkshire. During the last years of his short life his work had gained recognition from a rapidly growing circle, and he was deservedly looked upon as one of the leading Greek scholars of his time; but at the moment of his death the greater part of what he had published consisted of contributions to classical periodicals. For many years the plays of Æschylus formed the central subject of his studies, and he contemplated a full critical edition of them, towards which he had made large collections. One of his most important contributions to learning was a paper on 'Greek Lyric Metres' which appeared in the 'Journal of Hellenic Studies' in 1902. Headlam's writings possess distinction throughout, and give evidence of his fastidious taste and keen sensibility to all forms of beauty. Of his Greek versions of English and other poetry it was said that they are not surpassed, if indeed they are equalled, by any existing productions of the same kind. His English verse also is of high quality. His numerous emendations of Greek texts were founded upon a close study of the causes of textual corruption, coupled with an almost unrivalled sense of the genius of the Greek language.

During his lifetime he published: 1. 'Fifty Poems by Meleager, with a translation,' 1890. 2. 'On Editing Æschylus: a Criticism,' 1891. 3. 'The Plays of Æschylus translated from a Revised Text,' 1900-8; republished in a collected form in 1909 (in this volume the translations of the 'Persæ' and 'Septem contra Thebas' are the work of his brother, C. E. S. Headlam). 4. 'A Book of Greek Verse,' 1907. 5. 'Restoration of Menander,' 1908. Posthumous publications: 1. 'The Agamemnon of Æschylus,' revised text and English translation, with some notes, 1910, edited by A. C. Pearson. 2. 'Letters and Poems,' with Memoir by his brother, Cecil Headlam, and a full bibliography by L. Haward, 1910.

Personal knowledge; memoir and bibliography cited; Academy, 8 Oct. 1910, memoir (by Shaen Leslie).

M. R. J.

Published  1912

More Additional Notes
[2] Arnott (p. 153) claims (without citing any sources) that Headlam died after spending the last full day of his life (Friday June 19, 1908) in London watching a cricket match.

HEADLAM, WilliamWilliam_of_Whitby_Young.jpg (10304 bytes)

Personal Details
Born 1908, Whitby, died 1990, Raithwaite Hall, near Whitby.

Owner of the Headlam & Sons Steamship plc, ship yard of Whitby, and the Rowland and Marwoods Steamship plc.

Raithwaite Hall, near Whitby, North Yorkshire.

Additional Notes
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